Folic acid is part of a group of water-soluble B vitamins. It is also known as folacin or folate. The name comes from the Latin word folium – leaf and was first discovered in the 40s extracted from spinach.
Necessary for the production of DNA and RNA
Required for proper cell division and transmission of genetic code to the newly formed cells
Important for the production of red blood cells, proteins, and certain amino acids
Very important for closing the neural tube during pregnancy, preventing defects such as spina bifida
May affect cervical dysplasia and reduces the need for hysterectomy
Useful for people with depression and/or schizophrenia
Folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 support cognitive ability of older people
Promotes a healthy immune system
May reduce the development and progression of atherosclerosis
May affects inflamed gums and gingivitis
It should be renewed every day because the body does not store it for a long time. Folic acid is very important for women of childbearing age, as low levels can lead to serious consequences for the fetus such as spina bifida. Low levels of folate are associated with an increased risk of heart disease due to the elevated homocysteine.
Folic acid deficiency is the most common deficiency of a particular vitamin in the world. Half of its amount in food is lost due to cooking, processing or short-term storage, so it is highly recommended to take folic acid supplements.